COMBAT WEAPONS SPARRING COMPETITION
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Eligibility Requirements
- 3 Equipment
- 4 Combat Weapons Sparring Procedures
- 5 Legal Target Areas
- 6 Points
- 7 Parrying, Blocking and Disarming
- 8 Dropped & Broken Weapons
- 9 Warnings and Penalty Points
Every program sponsored by the ATA is a constantly evolving process. They grow, change and adapt. For this reason, Grand Master In Ho Lee, in 2013, approved the development of Combat Weapons Sparring as the newest competitive event in our tournament arsenal. This event is meant to be one that is an extension of the traditional weapons through practical applications.
Combat Weapons Sparring will be offered at all regional and national events to those competitors who meet the following requirements. The competitor must:
- At all tournaments, all ranks are eligible for combat weapons sparring.
- Meet the general eligibility requirements.
The Protech Combat Bahng Mahng Ee sold through World Martial Arts, is currently the only combat sparring weapon approved for competition. It differs greatly from the Protech traditional safety Bahng Mahng Ee in both weight and dimensions. The height of the competitor does not dictate the length of the combat weapon. Only ATA Tigers may use the new Tiger Combat Bahng Mahng Ee.
Combat Sparring - Safety Gear
The sparring gear requirements are the same for combat weapons as traditional point sparring with the exception of the gloves. There are two options for gloves:
- Traditional sparring gloves
- ATA branded combat gloves
Optional equipment includes
- Forearm Pads.
- Knee Pads.
- Shin Pads.
Combat Weapons Sparring Procedures
- Before combat weapons sparring competition, it is the responsibility of the center judge to verify that all competitors are using all of the mandatory safety gear including groin protection for males and that all such gear is ATA approved. The judges must also verify that an approved combat weapon is being used.
- Combat weapons sparring bracket will be set up using the ATA bye sytem. Once the bracket is completed, it is imperative that the center judge checks the bracket using the following procedure.
- Have all the competitors line up in the center of the ring
- Announce each match using the competitors first and last names. Have each competitor kneel as their name is called.
- Upon completion, make sure everyone still standing is not competing in combat weapons sparring.
- Following traditional point sparring procedures, the center judge will call up competitors in pairs until 1st place, 2nd and 3rd place is determined.
- Each combat weapons sparring match will last a maximum of 2 minutes.
- If one competitor reaches 10 points before the end of the two minutes, he/she will be the winner.
- Ties will be determined by "sudden victory," the first person to score, and there is not time limit for "sudden victory."
- Unless a disqualification is declared, the competitor who scores the greater number of points at the end of regulation time will be declared the winner.
Legal Target Areas
Points in combat weapons sparring competition are scored by striking or stabbing with the weapon to a legal target area using one of the combat weapons sparring techniques or by causing one’s opponent to drop his/her weapon. The competitor can not score using the handle of the combat weapon.
The following guidelines apply:
- The entire body is a legal target area in combat weapons sparring with the following exceptions:
- Stab to the eyes.
- Any area of the neck not covered by headgear (face shield is considered part of the headgear).
Strikes with the weapon to a legal contact area will result in the following points with a maximum of 4 points given at any one time:
- 1 point will be awarded for a legal strike or stab to the body not including the head or weapon-holding arm below the elbow.
- 2 points will be awarded for a legal strike to the head, weapon-holding arm below the elbow or stab to the front leg
- Add one point to the score for jumping techniques.
The strike or stab must be effective and under control to be considered a scoring technique by the judges. If, the opinion of the judges, both competitors strike or stab with proper technique simultaneously, no point will be awarded. A judge would indicate with the "no- point" signal used in all sparring events.
Parrying, Blocking and Disarming
For combat weapon’s competition, parrying means to pass or deflect the opponent’s movement without causing a counter force that would result in solid counter force by your opponent’s weapon. Parrying of your opponent’s weapon or hand is allowed.
For combat weapon’s competition, blocking means to resist with counter force your opponent’s weapon. Blocking your opponent’s weapon with your weapon is allowed but pushing your opponent is not allowed. Blocking your opponent’s weapon with your hand will result in a point awarded to your opponent.
For combat weapon’s competition, you may disarm your opponent by hitting your opponent's hand, arm or weapon. However, you may not disarm your opponent using a "trapping disarming" technique where you grab the weapon.
Dropped & Broken Weapons
If a competitor drops his/her weapon any time after the beginning of the match, an additional point will be awarded to the opponent. In combat weapons sparring, a weapon is considered dropped if the weapon leaves the competitor's hand and hits the ground. If the weapon leaves the competitors hand and the competitor catches before it hits the ground, this is not considered a dropped weapon.
If the weapon breaks during the competition, the competitor will be given an opportunity to replace it. A broken weapon is not a dropped weapon, and the competitor will not be penalized in this case. If the weapon is not replaced promptly, the competitor will forfeit the match.
Procedures for a Dropped Weapons
- When a weapon is dropped, the center judge will look at the time-keeper and say "Stop Time"
- A discussion will then take place about when the drop occurred. There are two options.
- The drop occurred during the active part of the match. The competitor who dropped the weapon can not be awarded points for scoring techniques.
- The drop occurred after "break" was called as the competitors are returning to their starting positions. This is the inactive part of the match, and the competitor who dropped the weapon may be awarded points for scoring techniques.
- Award point for drop.
- Call for points if necessary.
- Time resumes when center judge restarts the match.
Example #1:The red competitor preforms a scoring strike but during the follow through drops his/her weapon. This is considered an active part of the match. White is awarded a point for red's dropped weapon and the red competitor cannot be awarded points for the scoring technique.
Example #2:The red competitor preforms a scoring strike and "break" is called. As red moves back to his starting position, he drops his weapon. This would be an example of the "inactive" part of the match. A point is awarded to white for red's drop and red can receive points for his scoring technique.
Warnings and Penalty Points
The safety of all competitors is the main concern of every judge involved. It is because of this safety concern that the calling of warnings is a very important aspect of the judge’s responsibility. Warnings are given when the judge sees the competitor do something illegal. There are three different types of warnings: Noncontact, Contact, and Excessive Contact.
Procedures for Calling a Warning
The procedures for calling warning in combat weapons sparring are the same those used in traditional point sparring.
A competitor may be issued a non-contact penalty. Non-contact penalties include, but are not limited, to the following:
- The competitor has more than three points of contact on the ground.
- The competitor was running out of the ring to avoid being scored upon.
- The competitor was purposely falling to avoid being scored upon.
- The competitor is delaying the match (slow returning to mark, slow getting up, etc.).
- The competitor is receiving coaching.
Non-contact warnings will receive the following penalty:
- For the first infraction in the match, the competitor will receive a warning only.
- For each additional infraction in the match, a penalty point will be awarded to the compeitor's opponent.
Contact warning rules are for the safety of competitors in their different divisions. The safety equipment is only effective in stopping cuts and bruises from accidental contact made with controlled technique. It will not protect against full-power attacks. Contact warnings are awarded when contact is made to an illegal area.
Examples would be:
- Strikes to illegal targets.
- Stabs to illegal targets.
- Takedowns of any kind.
- Throwing ones' opponent.
- Grabbing one's opponent or his/her weapon.
- Body checking, pushing and shoving your opponent.
Contact warnings will receive the following penalty:
- The first infraction in the match, will result in a penalty point awarded to the competitor's opponent.
- The second infraction in the match, will result in the automatic disqualification of the competitor.
Excessive Contact Warnings
Excessive Contact Warnings follow the same procedures as traditional point sparring guidelines which are listed below.
Excessive conduct warnings are in the sole discretion of the center judge and may result in a penalty point or disqualification. Remember that the purpose of this rule is to protect the competitors physically and mentally. It may result in disqualification if excessive contact was due to negligent lack of control. A competitor disqualified for excessive contact can advance and participate in the 3rd place match. Excessive contact due to malice will result in an unsportsmanlike disqualification, and the competitor is done for the day in that particular event.